Our first blog series of our recent tour of Salzburg, Austria!
Salzburg and how it came to be...
THE CASTLE: Festung Hohensalzburg
I love to walk the hills around the city of the Salzburg to take in the many different perspectives of this castle. Above, I took this picture while walking along Moenchsberg (Monks Mountain) - a beautiful walk that provides panoramic views of the city and Austrian Alps.
Construction of the fortress began in 1077 under Archbishop Gebhard von Helfenstein. This original design was just a basic bailey with a wooden wall. In the Holy Roman Empire, the archbishops of Salzburg were already powerful political figures and they expanded the castle to protect their interests. Gebhard's conflict with Emperor Henry IV during the Investiture Controversy influenced the expansion of the castle, with the Archbishop taking the side of Pope Gregory VII and the German anti-king Rudolf of Rheinfelden. The castle was gradually expanded during the following centuries. The ring walls and towers were built in 1462 under Prince-Archbishop Burkhard II von Weißpriach - there is so much more history to this incredible fortress that it deserves very own blog!
Salzburg's Mirabell Palace!
Another great place to visit while in Salzburg is Schloss Mirabell. With its wonderful gardens and great views of the cities highlights. Some of you may recognize this palace from the movie "Sound of Music" - where they sing the famous song "Do-Re-Mi" around the pegasus statue in the center of this photo! This palace was established by Archbishop Wolf Dietrich in 1606 but was renamed by the Italians to its current name, Mirabell, from the Italian "bella" or beauty. It was rebuilt in the baroque style and finally into the neoclassical style upon later restoration. A beautiful place for a picnic or a stroll for love birds (as seen in my picture below).
The Catacombs.... a must see
COMING UP NEXT: An historical tour of Church sites in Austria and Bavaria!
Madge Malone in her blogging zone!